How is cocaine made
There are essentially three main steps to making cocaine. buy coca leaves online After the leaves are harvested and soaked, the base for the powdered drug is extracted through one of two extraction methods, and the resulting crystallized substance is dried into bricks. Here is a more detailed step-by-step process for making cocaine:
Where Does Cocaine Come From?
Cocaine is extracted and processed from coca plants in South America on the ridge of the Andes mountains or in lowland jungles such as those found in Colombia.1,2,4 The vast majority of cocaine production occurs in Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia, fake money for sale as those countries are the main places where the coca plant can be grown naturally and in sufficient quantities to produce mass amounts of cocaine
Step 1: Workers harvest the coca leaves.
While methods of cultivating the coca plant are similar in many ways throughout Peru, Bolivia, and Colombia, there are differences in techniques because of terrain, tradition, and other factors.
A coca plant cultivated from seed will generally reach full maturity and its leaves harvested between 12 and 24 months after being transplanted. Even though coca growing in the wild has been known to reach heights of up to 30 feet, that which is cultivated is almost always pruned back to facilitate harvesting the coca leaf.
Coca leaf can be harvested between two and six times per year depending on climatic conditions. Coca growing at lower altitudes will usually be harvested more often than coca growing at higher altitudes. The most abundant harvest, sometimes accounting for about half of the total yearly harvest, takes place after the rains in March. Subsequent harvests take place in June/July and November, the nonnal dry season in South America. Some harvesting, however, takes place all year round. When the leaves are harvested, they are put in sacks and taken to a closed room and spread out on the floor. mxe vendor
How is Cocaine Made
The next day, the leaves are taken to a flat area, where they are spread in thin layers on a tarpaulin in direct sunlight and left to dry. If there is a lot of sunshine and minimal cloud cover, the drying phase can be completed in six hours.
During inclement weather, it takes much longer because at the first sign of rain the leaves are gathered up and
taken into shelter.
After the drying phase is completed, the coca leaves are swept into large piles and left for about three days before
being taken to market and/or processing facilities.
Step 2: The leaves are soaked in gasoline.
The conversion of coca leaves to coca paste, cocaine base, and cocaine hydrochloride occurs primarily in Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru. Peru and Bolivia are the primary locations for the conversion of leaf to coca paste and cocaine base, while Colombia is the primary location for the final conversion to cocaine hydrochloride.
There are a number of chemicals and solvents which play vital roles in the processing of coca leaves to paste, base and HCl. Many of these chemicals are quite common;
The conversion of coca leaf into coca paste is accomplished in a coca paste pit, or “pozo.” A typical coca paste pit is a very crude structure located near the harvesting site and consists of only a very few items. Some paste pits, buy coca leaves online
have even been reported in peasants’ houses. The paste pitis usually a hole in the ground, lined with thick, heavy
plastic, ormay even be a 55-gallon drum with the top cut out.
Coca Leaves to Coca Paste
The coca leaves are put in an above-ground container or in a plastic lined pit. An alkaline material (sodium carbonate) and water are added to the leaves. Here the alkaline material enables the cocaine alkaloid present in the leaf to be extracted into kerosene.pure fish scale coke
A water immiscible solvent (kerosene) is added to water, solution, and leaves. The mixture is then agitated. Usually this is accomplished by having several people stomp on the leaves. The solvent acts to extract water insoluble cocaine alkaloids from the alkaline solution.
Step 3: The gasoline is drained.
Cocaine alkaloids and kerosene separate from water and leaves. The water and leaves are then drained off.
Cocaine alkaloids are extracted from the kerosene into a dilute acid solution. Alkaline material (sodium carbonate) is added to the remaining solution which causes a precipitate to form. The acid and the water are drained off
and the precipitate is filtered and dried to produce coca paste, a chunky, off-white to light brown, putty-like substance.
Coca Paste to Cocaine Base
Step 4: The cocaine base is dried.
The processing of coca paste into cocaine base is more complicated than paste production, requiring more sophisticated equipment and added skills. Cocaine base can be processed at the paste facility, but base laboratories may be located away from the cultivation zones.
The coca paste is added to sulfuric acid or hydrochloride acid and water. The paste is dissolved into the acid solution.
Potassium permanganate is combined with water. This mixture is added to the coca paste and acid solution. Potassium permanganate is used in this step to extract other alkaloids and material that is undesired in the final product. In particular, potassium permanganate is used to break down the alkaloid ciscinnamoylcocaine found in large concentrations in E. novogranatense varieties. If the coca paste has a high concentration of this alkaloid
and potassium pemlanganate is not used, then crystallization of cocaine HCl will be very difficult.
Step 5: The dried substance is dissolved in a solvent.
This mixture is allowed to stand for about six hours.
The solution is filtered and the precipitate is discarded. Ammonia water is added to the filtered solution and another precipitate is formed.
The liquid is drained from the solution and the remaining precipitate is usually dried with heating lamps. The bolivian flake
resulting powder is cocaine base.
Cocaine Base to Cocaine Hydrochloride (HCI)
The final stage of cocaine processing requires even
more skill and equipment, and is much more dangerous
than the previously mentioned steps. Unlike paste and
base processing, cocaine HCI processing calls for expensive chemicals that are harder to fmd and often not
manufactured in the processing country.
Step 6: Excess solvents are removed, and it is dried into bricks.
Acetone or ether is added to dissolve the cocaine base and the solution is filtered to remove undesired material.
Hydrochloric acid diluted in acetone or ether is added to the cocaine solution. The addition of the hydrochloric. Cocaine for sale
acid causes the cocaine to precipitate (crystallize) out of the solution as cocaine hydrochloride.
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The remaining acetone/ether solvent can be discarded or reused. Cocaine HCI is dried under heat lamps, laid out to dry
with the aid of fans, or dried in microwave ovens.